Bicycle and Pedestrian

The Jacksonville MPO completed the Comprehensive Bicycle & Pedestrian Transportation Plan in June 2008.  The purpose of the plan is to provide a comprehensive approach toward identifying existing pedestrian and bicycle needs and deficiencies, present a route network to address those deficiencies, examine optimal design and policy improvements, and identify implementation strategies for the development of quality bicycle and pedestrian facilities and programs.  The Comprehensive Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan compliments Jacksonville’s Comprehensive Transportation Plan and should be viewed as an integral part of the overall transportation system.

This Plan provides a map to continue to increase mode share and safety for pedestrians and bicyclists throughout the region. Planning today is necessary to meet the community and facility needs of tomorrow. This is true, especially in Jacksonville, where 20% of the population walks to work. By offering choices and improved safety, the region can overcome its traditional shortfalls in bicycle, pedestrian, and greenway facilities and programs to create an integrated, safe, and convenient multimodal transportation system.  This Plan represents a comprehensive evaluation and program of action for addressing the immediate and long-term needs for bicycle and pedestrian facilities.  The full plan is available through the links below:

Executive Summary
Chapter 1 
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G
Appendix H
Recommended Bicycle Network
Recommended Pedestrian Network

Public Input

The City of Jacksonville, the Jacksonville MPO, and a specially constituted project Steering Committee, worked closely with the public to support the vision and preparation of this Comprehensive Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan.  The range of public input included presentations and two public workshops with high levels of public participation, a public survey of bicycle and pedestrian interests and needs that has received excellent feedback from the community, and a thorough review of existing plans, each of which included previous public input.  Public participants expressed that they would like more bicycle and pedestrian facilities, especially in underserved areas that would provide connectivity to major destinations such as Downtown, shopping areas, schools, area military installations, and Jacksonville parks.  The online and paper comment forms generated almost 300 responses.  The result of this public input was a high degree of support from the community for a multi-modal transportation system that includes bicycle and pedestrian friendly programs, policies, and facilities.

The need and demand for a more accessible, safe and functional bicycle and pedestrian system is paramount throughout the Jacksonville Urban Area.  This is clearly articulated by the residents who attended the open house meetings, and is more strongly evident in and through additional comment forms via the Internet and public meetings.  The City of Jacksonville is ranked fifth in walking mode share percentage in the State of North Carolina (20% of workers commute by walking).  Demographics and land use, bicycle and pedestrian crash data and mapping, and community input, coupled with the City’s percentage of residents who do not own automobiles and those who commute to work via foot or bicycle all point towards the need for safe, functional pedestrian and bicycle facilities . These needs can be met with a comprehensive system of on-road and off-road bicycle, pedestrian, and greenway facilities along with the programs, policies, and funding to support this endeavor.


Recommendations for new bicycle and pedestrian facilities, including pedestrian crossing improvements have been developed from existing data, safety concerns, public input, and fieldwork.  Several treatments have been considered including signs, visibility, and enhanced ADA accessibility.  Fifty specific locations for pedestrian crossing improvements have been inventoried and recommended improvements that will enhance safety have been identified.  The most critical locations in terms of pedestrian activity, crash data, and traffic volumes are identified and detailed facility improvements are recommended.  The Plan also identifies several educational, encouragement, and enforcement programs that can improve safety and enhance quality of life for the community.